The 10 Different Types Of Diving Explained

Types of Diving

Diving is a sport that allows you to plunge into the water from different heights. Occasionally, people even dive from planes at very high altitudes. In the past, professional divers only jumped from a certain height and mainly into fresh water. In diving, you can reach depths of several meters or more.

When someone has just started to go scuba diving they can be confused by all the different types of diving there are. There is no one right way to dive, and many different styles and activities make up this diverse sport. Some diving is done for pure enjoyment, while other types of diving are essential for specific purposes like underwater study or construction projects. Here are some of the different types of diving that can be found around the world.

1. Cliff Diving

This type of dive is performed from cliffs that are over 30 meters high into the sea or other deep water. It’s a very dangerous activity, but many people still practice it every year. Cliff divers need a lot of courage and skill because it takes a few seconds to hit the water after jumping from such a great height.

2. Ice Diving

In this case, you dive into an ice hole that’s been cut in the frozen water. The ice can be as thick as several meters depending on where you are diving. Many people do ice diving in the colder parts of Europe, Scandinavia, and Russia. It’s an extreme sport that requires a lot of preparation. The combination of thick ice and cold water is very dangerous for your health, which is why many divers use special suits to stay warm while they’re jumping into the hole.

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Diving under the ice is done in areas where there are frozen bodies of water that contain enough openings that divers can squeeze through to enter them, or places where large sections have broken off exposing the water underneath. Divers must be careful because if they decompress too quickly when exiting an ice dive their bodies can develop decompression sickness, which can be fatal.

Learn more about ice diving here.

3. Recreational Diving

Recreational diving is any kind of diving that includes swimming around in open water or searching for objects that have sunk to the bottom. Recreational divers are usually very interested in marine life and understanding how it lives under water.

4. Artificial Reefs

An artificial reef is created when an old ship or other large object is sunk so it rests on the seafloor, creating a habitat for marine life where there previously wasn’t one. It can also draw divers to an area because it provides a new and interesting diving environment.

5. Wreck Diving

Diving on old abandoned ships and other man-made objects that rest underwater is called wreck diving. The ship or other man-made object can be anything, from small boats to large cruise ships, and the reasons it rests underwater can range from battle damage to simply being old.

Read more about wreck diving here.

6. Cave Diving

This type of diving involves entering underwater caves that are either on the seafloor or far underneath it where they have not yet been fully explored. This kind of diving is done with speleologists who study the caves and their environment in order to learn more about their origin and formation.

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7. Krypton Diving

This type of diving involves breathing a gas mixture that has krypton in it, which can be very expensive to get since it is very rare; the average cost for 6 months of kryptonite gas is over $4000. There are only five companies worldwide currently licensed to produce this gas. The gas is used to provide the ability for divers to dive at much greater depths than they normally could.

8. Scientific Diving

Scientific diving involves working underwater in a laboratory or other type of research facility where there are scientists studying the aquatic environment and its inhabitants. Divers acting as assistants for these studies wear normal scuba gear and come and go as they please, but scientists spend extended periods of time underwater and must be dressed in full scuba gear.

Scientific research diving is usually done by scientists rather than professional divers, with the exception of very deep dives. Any type of scientific research for which it would be necessary to have a diver present falls under this category, including underwater studies of the ocean floor.

9. Oil Rigs

Oil rigs are underwater oil extraction locations that are very popular for diving because they are usually very large man-made structures with lots of places to explore including tunnels where divers can easily get lost. Also, divers can encounter many different types of fish and other sea creatures in addition to the various structures.

10. Search And Rescue

Search and rescue diving is when divers are employed to perform searches for personal or property that has been lost at sea by family members or insurance companies, or during military operations. This kind of diving involves searching in deep water and being equipped to handle any situation they might encounter, including storms or a lack of visibility.

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Why People Love Diving?

People love diving for a number of different reasons, including the fact that it is something they can do where there is no interference from other people and it allows them to explore places that would otherwise be unseen. There are also many underwater mysteries and phenomena divers love to discover.

Their favorite kind of diving might depend on what types of events interest them the most, but for example, people who enjoy wreck diving might be interested in exploring ships that have been abandoned or are otherwise not being used. For divers who are looking to see the kinds of underwater life they can only get from being so deep, kryptonite gas is necessary because normal air would not provide enough oxygen for them to breathe at such depths.

One of the biggest reasons people love diving is simply the fact that it allows them to get away from it all and be surrounded by serenity for a change. And since diving has been around for centuries, the opportunities are almost endless as far as types of diving one can do.


There are many different types of diving that people participate in for various reasons, but the most popular type is recreational diving. This is because it does not require any special knowledge or training and can be done by anyone with a scuba certification.

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